Growing Orchids: A Guide to Propagation
Orchids are undeniably among the most beautiful and revered blossoms on Earth. If you thought that having them flower year was the most that could be expected, you have likely not tried replicating them and observed the development of the smaller examples.
Orchids may be propagated in a number of different ways, and nearly all of them allow us to endlessly reproduce our favourite plants as long as they are done correctly.
You can grow orchids and other plants from cuttings that are obtained from keiki, or mother plants. We shall demonstrate the process in this way.
Keiki can be used to propagate orchids. On the stem of an orchid plant, you can find a seedling called a keiki. Here is a fantastic chance for us to propagate orchids. Because it replicates itself sexually (i.e., without pollinators), the newly grown plant is a perfect genetic copy of its mother. The keiki develop naturally, but we’ll show you how to help the plant make more of them in the paragraphs that follow.
The steps used to harvest an orchid‘s seedlings
Once an orchid has finished flowering, we must trim the floral stalk to a point just above the plant’s collar. Carefully removing the “knot” area requires utmost attention. This means it will keep coming into contact with the air, which could lead to the birth of a keiki.
Methods for starting a keiki garden
When the keiki‘s roots reach a length of four or five cm, you can replant them. Planting the keiki seedlings in the same pot as the mother plant helps maintain consistent humidity and light conditions for both plants.
Remove around three or five inches of the bloom stem if you choose to keep the keiki in the same container. Roots must point downward, and a thin layer of dirt must be present. The piece of flower stem that we chopped off earlier must also be buried. It might be shaped to fit into the earth, almost like an anchor.
When the keiki are large enough, they can be delicately removed from the mother plant and stored for future use.
Details on how to grow new orchids from soil cuttings
In order to remove the plant cuttings, we need a tray that is waterproof and has a depth of around 8 cm. Put enough soaking sphagum moss or sand in it to fill it up.
Take the mother plant and trim off a stem that is about 30 cm long using a sharp knife. Divide it into many three-inch pieces, ensuring that each piece has a latent bud.
After you water a tray, fill it with sand or moss. After you’ve spread the cuttings out on the tray, cover them with plastic and keep them somewhere cool (15 degrees Celsius) and out of the sun.
To keep the tray continually moist, spritz it with water every few days and increase the temperature to 24 to 30 degrees after a few weeks. On the other hand, you shouldn’t go overboard.
You should use a sharp knife to cut the stems again once the shoots and roots have grown.
Please go out and get some tiny pots to put the seedlings in. The ideal medium for planting them is a combination of bark, volcanic soil, and fully hydrated Spagnum moss.
When planting an orchid, make sure the shoots point upwards. It is best to keep the freshly stemmed orchids in a bright spot, but not directly in the sun. Keep the plant from wilting by watering it regularly without drowning it. Maintaining a humid environment free of direct heat is essential for the plant’s health.